In the April 2004 election, Abdelaziz Bouteflika was
re-elected with 84% of the vote - according to the report.
the official statements. His main counterpart, former Prime
Minister Ali Benflis gained 8% and called the election a
massive electoral fraud. Benflis and his supporters rejected
the election result and filed a complaint with the Algerian
Constitutional Court. Election observer Bruce George of the
OSCE stated that the result was in line with the wishes of
the Algerian people. See abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Algeria.
In March, the government declared that a new oil
pipeline, OZ2, would be commissioned in early 2005. It
should contribute to increased oil exports from the country.
The pipeline was built by the national oil company in
collaboration with the French-Italian-British consortium
Sonatrach. The 800 km long oil pipeline runs from Haoud el
Amra in the southern part of the country to Arzew on the
Mediterranean coast, and will be able to transport up to 25%
of French oil consumption. OZ2 follows the same route as OZ1
built 30 years earlier. Algeria's oil reserves are estimated
to be 11,300 million barrels, but continued oil exploration
could significantly increase this figure.
In June, two Algerian journalists Mohammed Benchicou from
Le Matin newspaper and Hafnaoui Ghoul were
arrested. Benchicou was sentenced to 2 years in prison and
Ghoul was sentenced to 2 months in prison for slander. Both
journalists had written about human rights violations in
Algeria to the newspaper Le Soir d'Algérie.
According to national and international observers, the two
attacks on freedom of the press were a sign of a new wave of
attacks on independent journalism in the country.
In July, Minister of Culture and Communications Mohamed
Daho temporarily suspended the satellite TV channel al-Jazeera's
work in the country. The decision was made after a member of
the opposition on a debate program criticized the government
in strong terms. The official reason for the closure was
that the work on the canal should be reorganized.
In January 2005, the government declared that GIA leader
Nourredine Boudiafi had been arrested and that his second in
command had been killed. In doing so, the authorities
declared the GIA largely degraded. The same month, the
government signed an agreement with Berber leaders. The
points of the agreement were not disclosed, but Boutlefika
stated that major investments will be made in the Capitol
and greater consideration will be given to the language of
the Berbers tamazight.
That same month, several protests came against the
government's decision to raise the price of butane gas,
often used by the poorest in the country for cooking and
In March 2005, an official report was issued admitting
that security forces were responsible for the disappearance
of more than 6,000 civilians during the armed conflict in
The November local elections were held in Kabylia, where
the Berber majority won by the opposition. In December,
Bouteflika returned from France, where he had been operated.
The ruling party gained an absolute majority in the
parliamentary elections in May 2007. It came under the
impression of growing violence in the country. In January,
the Salafist group for preaching and fighting had changed
their name to al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb and had launched a
bloody offensive against the government.
In 2007, Algeria signed a contract with Russia for the
supply of 55 fighter aircraft worth $ 1.9 billion. US $. In
October 2009, reports emerged that Algeria had abolished
arms deals with France because the weapons would contain
In June 2008, Bouteflika appointed Ahmed Ouyahia as new
Throughout 2008, the United States transferred 7 Algiers
from its Guantanamo concentration camp to Algeria, where
they were all arrested on arrival and held for 8-14 days.
They were then released, but at the same time authorities
initiated lawsuits or investigations into them. During the
year, 60-90 Algiers were killed by terror or counter-terror
attacks. Torture continues to be widespread and the country
is on the UN Committee Against Torture's inspection list.
In November 2008, Parliament without debate removed the
constitutional restriction restricting a president to sit
for two terms of office. Therefore, in April 2009,
Bouteflika could be elected to a 3rd presidential term with
90% of the vote. Several opposition parties boycotted the
election and the Front des Forces socialists (FFS)
talked about a "tsunami" of electoral fraud.
In November 2009, Egyptian and Algerian football fans
clashed in Sudan, following a match between the two national
teams in the qualifying tournament until the 2010 Soccer
World Cups. The clash developed into a diplomatic crisis
between the two countries, and Egypt withdrew its ambassador