During the second round of presidential elections on January
16, 2000, Kumba Yalá of the populist PRS party was elected
president with 72% of the vote. During the first round of
elections on November 28, the PRS had obtained 38 seats out
of Parliament 102, while the Resistencia de
Guinea-Bissau-Movimiento Bafatá (Guinea-Bissau
Resistance - Movement Bafatá) came in second place. These
two parties formed government and Caetano N 'Tchama was
appointed new prime minister. See
abbreviationfinder for geography, history, society, politics, and economy of Guinea-Bissau.
In November, General Mané declared himself head of state
and tried to conduct a coup, but he, along with eight of his
associates, was killed in a fighting with government forces
in the village of Quinhamel 30 km from Bissau.
The Bafata movement, which was the second largest group
in parliament, withdrew from the coalition government in
January 2001. In May, both the IMF and the World Bank
suspended their payments to the country when it was revealed
that several million US $ for development projects had
disappeared. In September, Yalá fired the President of the
Supreme Court and 3 other judges, and in November he fired
his Foreign Minister who had criticized him. In December,
Prime Minister Faustino Imbali was fired on allegations of
In November 2002, Yalá dissolved parliament and declared
that he would print new elections in February 2003.
After not being paid for one year for 80 years, in May
2003, 80% of public servants went on strike, which led to
the closure of hospitals and schools as well as electricity
and water cuts.
A week after Yalá postponed the elections for the 4th
time, General Verissimo Correia Seabre conducted a military
coup on September 14, 2003, which did not meet any
significant resistance. The coup was condemned by the UN and
by the African Union, but did not face opposition from the
country's population who were tired of economic instability
and economic chaos. The majority of the population had to
survive for 50 US cents a year. day.
On September 23, the military junta appointed a
transitional government to lead the country to the
subsequent elections: parliamentary elections scheduled for
March 2004 and presidential elections in March 2005.
Economist Henrique Rosa, who in 1994 led the election
commission up to the first free elections election in the
country's history, was named president, and the head of the
PRS, Antonio Arthur Sanha, who had been a sharp critic of
the overthrowing president, was appointed prime minister.
In January 2004, Judge Maria do Ceu Silva Monteiro, 38,
was appointed President of the Supreme Court. A post that
would otherwise have been vacant for 2 years. The Supreme
Court will be tasked with overseeing the upcoming elections.
In October, the country's interim president, Henrique
Rosa, announced that a military uprising had been put down.
It was attempted by soldiers who had served in the UN
peacekeeping forces in Liberia. The uproar was caused by
dissatisfaction that the soldiers had not been paid for 6
months. Rosa stated that he did not expect the small
"setback" in the transition to democracy, stability and the
holding of elections in 2005 would hamper international
political and economic support.
The high child mortality rate, declining life expectancy
and the continued widespread poverty indicated in January
2005 that the country's rhythm in meeting the Millennium
goals was very slow. Two out of three of the country's
inhabitants live in absolute poverty; life expectancy has
dropped from 53 to 45 years - although this is an
improvement over the 40 years that were life expectancy in
1980. At the same time, AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis are
becoming more widespread. The country is also among the ten
countries in the world with the highest maternal mortality.
Access to drinking water, renovation and clothing is also a